This new attempt provided teens originating from 20 some other junior higher-colleges regarding the voivodeship Podlaskie


In reaction in order to satisfy the necessity for a quick measure of resilience, a shine form of the fresh new RS-fourteen, which could feel psychometrically verified and you can across varied populations, it absolutely was important to view brand new measure’s main inclinations, interior feel and you can grounds design along side three picked subgroups as well as the fresh sex and period of adolescents, young adults, and the ones having special demands. “We hypothesized one for all three samples, a single-foundation model might possibly be offered and that scores might be very legitimate just like the examined because of the traditional interpretive criteria” (Aiena mais aussi al., 2015).

Participants and Techniques

Analyses was basically predicated on about three chief trials, one comprised of teens within the period of 13–17, the next on it teenagers from inside the age 19–twenty seven, additionally the third incorporated someone inside the chronilogical age of 13-18 having transformative psychosocial problems have been inside the child custody out of educational, therapeutic or correctional institutions. The entire sample incorporated dos,715 young adults of three other organizations inside Poland, old out-of thirteen to twenty-seven (Yards = , SD = step three.90), mainly girls (%).

Sample 1-adolescents (N = 400). The sample was with age ranging from 13 to 17 years old (M = , SD = 0.86) predominately female (58.3%). Sample 2-early adulthood (N = 1659). Data were also gathered at a medium-sized university located in northeast Poland. Overall, we had results from students aged 19–27 years old (M = , SD = 1.82) predominately female (82.3%). Sample 3-problem group (N = 656). The sample consisted of three groups: socially maladjusted juveniles from probation centers was (N = 116) with age ranging from 13 to 17 years old (M = , SD = 1.48) predominately male (75.0%), adolescents with psycho-social impairments attending (staying) in Youth Sociotherapy Centers (N = 293, aged 13–18 years old, M = , SD = 1.22) and adolescents externalizing educational difficulties (Youth Educational Centers, N = 247, with age ranging from 13 to 18 years old (M = , SD = 0.98). The selection of the third study sample was purposive due to the specifics of the facilities to which the studied individuals were admitted. The main criterion for including respondents to sample 3 was the occurrence of emotional and behavioral disorders. A comparative analysis using ANOVA did not confirm differences between problem groups (youth from probation centers, educational centers and sociotherapy centers) in terms of the RS-14 index [F(dos, 653) = 2.63; p > 0.05].

Sociotherapeutic and you will academic locations is actually institution beyond your host to household, hence function around the clock. Inside the Poland you’ll find currently more than step three,100000 childhood aged thirteen–18 who are staying in eg Youngsters Sociotherapy Centers as well as over cuatro,100000 who’re remaining in Childhood Educational Facilities. Young people Sociotherapy Stores are capable of adolescents exactly who, because of developmental conditions, discovering issues, and you can disorders into the societal doing work, is located at chance of societal maladjustment and require a different providers of understanding, methods of really works, training and you can sociotherapy. Already, you will find 74 when you look at the Poland. Youthfulness Academic Locations are designed for socially maladjusted teens who want the aid of another team out-of discovering, methods of work and education. Currently, you’ll find 96 when you look at the Poland. Good Probation Center is actually twenty four hours-worry business that provide cures, worry, knowledge, rehab, and you will therapeutic products. Those activities done at the center try geared towards modifying juvenile attitudes towards the the latest socially trendy, making sure the perfect development of its personality. Probation centers jobs in district process of law. Currently, you’ll find 97 when you look at the Poland. At the present time, ~step one,100 juveniles had been described including business.

Data-Analytical Approach

Psychometric features of the RS-fourteen was in fact reviewed using univariate and you may bivariate analyses presented to your mathematical software IBM SPSS Statistics and you will IBM AMOS. The new Cronbach Leader coefficient was applied in order to define coherence (measurement off precision). In the example of time balance analysis, Pearson’s r relationship study plus the t decide to try to own based examples were used. Dominating part study was applied to verify the brand new solitary grounds construction away from RS-fourteen stated of the Wagnild and you will More youthful (1993). Exploratory and you will confirmatory factor-analytic methods was basically used to measure the factor design of measure. The foundation accuracy try assessed having fun with EFA (chief component strategy, oblimin rotation) and you will CFA (IBM AMOS, ML method). Brand new patterns regarding EFA was basically checked out to possess an adequate match utilizing the after the fit spiders: chi-rectangular and quantities of independence, RMSEA including ninety% confidence interval (CI); (Steiger, 1990) SRMR, new Tucker–Lewis Directory (TLI); (Tucker and Lewis, 1973), CFI; and you will GFI (Hu and you may Bentler, 1999).

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